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Brazil Geography and Demographics

Grade: 4th Grade, 5th Grade Subject: Social Studies Standards: RI.4.2, RI.4.4, RI.5.2, RI.5.4 Time: 1h 20 min
brazil lesson plan

Find the geographic location of Brazil using the world map. Find the 26 states of Brazil on the map. Identify the neighbor’s countries.

Learning Objectives: create maps, collect and interpret data, report information from a spatial perspective, identify effect-cause relationships.

Introduction (10 min)

Give students a few minute to think what they know about Brazil. Ask students to share their knowledge with the class.  The teacher will write some points she gets from students on the board.

Using the big world map ask students to find Brazil. Ask students to use specific details such as neighboring countries, continent, and oceans. After, the teacher will go over specific details and facts about Brazils.

Lesson (30 min)

The teacher will give details about Brazil. Discuss the states and go through the table. Students will interpret the table and transfer the information into their maps. Then, using the visual representation students will answer questions.

Material a teacher can use to discuss Brazil.

  • Official Name: Federal Republic of Brazil
  • Capital: Brasilia
  • Population: 200 million
  • Language: Portuguese
  • Money: Real
  • Government: Democracy, Republic
  • Literacy: More than 91% of the people can read and write.
  • Religion: mainly Christians

Brazil is the country in South America. It has a form of the triangle. The Brazilian coastline is 4,500 miles. Brazil comprised of 26 states. Brazil is bordered to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west, north and south by ten countries. Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. Brazil covers three time zones. In Brazil, you can find the second longest river, the Amazon. Amazon length is 6,992 miles.

Brazil has the world’s largest jungle, 60% of rainforest is in Brazil. There are also pine forests, dense forests, wetlands, hills, and plateaus. The climate of Brazil is mostly tropical. The highest point of Brazil is Pico de Neblina, 9.827 ft.

Christ the Redeemer is one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is the greatest art deco statue in the word. The statue is 98 feet tall and 92 feet wide.

It represents the symbol of Brazilian Christianity. The statue opened on October 12, 1931. It located at the top of the Corcovado Mountain.

The flag of Brazil is a green field with orange rhombus and a blue globe. The globe has a white equatorial line with the national motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress). The green color symbolizes Brazil’s fields and forests. The yellow color represents the gold of Brazil. The blue symbolizes the vivid sky.

Independent work (30 min)


  • The Map of Brazil.
  • Brazil States Map.
  • Brazil Article.
  • A world map.
  • A Map of Brazil.

Set up:

  • Print and assemble the flip book.
  • Print Brazil article.
  • Hang maps so every student can see it.


The student will create three maps. On the first one, they will locate Brazil and its capital. They will locate boundaries countries and name it. They will find the ocean and name it as well.

On the second page, students will create two maps with a legend. First, they will color states by its area, on the second by population. Using the visual representation they will analyze and answer questions.

Review (10 min)

Make sure every student knows how to work with maps and are able to put and interpret the information. Review the answers and discuss it with a class.


Have your students to compare two states of Brazil with a biggest-lowest population or largest-smaller states. They will analyze the information and make assumption why numbers differ.

Home connection

Kids encouraged reading books about Brazil at home.

How Night Came from the Sea: A Story from Brazil by Mary-Joan Gerson; A Brazilian story with African roots. It tells how an ancient African sea goddess brought the gift of the night to the land of daylight.

Brazil by Tara Walters. Which is the only country to have competed in every World Cup tournament? Where would you go to check out the Mongolian Cow Yogurt Super Girl Contest?

Jabutí the Tortoise: A Trickster Tale from the Amazon by Gerald McDermott. Of all the animals in the rain forest, Jabutí was the favorite. His shell was smooth and shiny, and the songs he played on his flute were sweet.