It is important for children to learn not only the letter names but also to identify letters based on their physical characteristics. When letter recognition is solidified, children can identify letters within various contexts, including books, names, and environmental print such as signs.
To support letter recognition, immerse children in a print-rich environment. Surround them with books, poems, messages, posters, and signs. Provide them with opportunities to use manipulatives such as magnetic letters, tiles, and stamps. Go on letter hunts together, have them use playdough to create letters, and use flashcards.
To help children recognize the letter “g,” have it displayed on the wall or bulletin board so they can refer to it. You may also wish to provide children with their own, individual alphabet chart that they can keep at their table or desk.
Verbal pathways help children learn how to start and form a letter. They are prompts that cue children until they can independently recall how to print a letter. Learning the correct starting position and the accurate motions that follow will help encourage proper letter formation and appropriate speed. The goal is to have children printing letters with automaticity, which frees up their energy to focus more on the content of their writing.
When teaching children how to print the letter “g,” recite the phrase, “Pull back, around, up, down, and under.” For the uppercase “G,” use the phrase, “Pull back, around, across.” Print the letter slowly and deliberately as you use the verbal pathway. Have children begin by tracing the letter, moving on to printing it independently as they become more confident.
To teach children the sound that the letter “g” makes, have them relate it to words that begin with “g.” The words should be items that children are familiar with, such as gum, girls, and goats. They can fill a block letter “g” with pictures or drawings of the objects, then use it as a reference when practicing their letter sounds.
Children can also create their own alphabet books to help them learn the sounds that letters make. Each time you introduce a new letter, have them complete the appropriate page in their book. The page can display the uppercase and lowercase “g,” then children can add pictures to go with the letter.
For additional practice, provide children with opportunities to complete matching and coloring activities. Children can match the letter “g” to pictures that begin with the sound. They can also color pictures that begin with “g.” (e.g., Color the ghost. Do not color the mountain.)