A ten frame is a rectangle divided into ten equal squares. There are five squares across the top and five squares across the bottom. Counters or other markers are placed in the squares to represent numbers of ten or less.
For example, placing three counters in the top row represents the number three. Placing five counters in the top row and two in the bottom row represents the number seven.
Ten frames can be made simply from paper or may be printed on a heavier cardstock and laminated for durability. Various items can be used to represent numbers, such as plastic chips, counters, or gems. Ten frames can also be used on electronic devices such as tablets and laptops.
Applications allow children to move virtual counters into the ten frame boxes using a touch screen, mouse, or tracking pad.
You can also make large ten frames on the floor. Just use tape to create your ten frames then provide children with objects such as frisbees or toys to use as counters.